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福建师范大学2023年秋季课程考试《大学英语(1)》作业考核【标准答案】

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发表于 2023-11-22 15:07:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
《大学英语(1)》期末考试答题卡
名字:
学号:
专业:
学习中间:
答 卷
(本试卷一切客观题答案有必要填入如下答卷表格中,不然不得分)
一、阅览:20% (每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

二、外交用语20%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15

四.英译汉:30% (答题请不要超出边框)
Packing is almost always the last task on the travel planning list.
But you shouldn't wait until the night before you leave to start packing.
You should start packing at least a week in advance. Why?
Because you don't want to stay up all night packing and wear yourself out before you even leave for the trip.
And what's more, you can avoid forgetting something important.
(翻译题请在此空白处答题,不然不得分)










大学英语(1)试卷
一、阅览:20% (答案有必要填在答卷表格里,不然不得分)
( 1 )
Versailles is the site of the Palace of Versailles, one of the most storied buildings in the history of France. It was originally built as a hunting chateau by King Louis VIII in 1624. In 1669, King Louis XIV began searching for a grand site where he could conduct the affairs of France and control the government. He settled on the hunting palace and expanded it into the world's largest palace. In addition, the King hoped to build a governmental center apart from Paris.
The palace took 36,000 workers fifty years to build. The palace is spread out over 280 acres and can house 20,000 people! The palace features over 700 rooms and 67 staircases. There are dozens of unique rooms, features, gardens, and halls. One of the most renowned rooms of the Palace of Versailles is the Hall of Mirrors. Recently restored, the Hall of Mirrors is the centerpiece of the dazzling building. Originally added to the palace in 1684, the Hall of Mirrors was built to be a dazzling display of the power and wealth of the French Monarchy. The hall, which measures 73 meters in length features 357 gold-coated stucco mirrors, ornate paintings, crystal chandeliers, marble fixtures, a parquet floor, and ceilings with colorful murals painted by artist Charles Le Brun. The Hall of Mirrors has also played a prominent role in history. Both the proclamation of the German Empire in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended World War One were signed here.
1. When was the Palace of Versailles originally built?
A. In 1684.
B. In 1624.
C. In 1669.
D. In 1786.
2. Why did King Louis XIV want a grand palace?
A. So he and his queen could retire comfortably.
B. As a place to conduct his nation's business.
C. As a hunting chateau.
D. He wanted to impress his wife.
3. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The Hall of Mirrors has been recently restored.
B. The Hall of Mirrors is considered the centerpiece of the Palace of Versailles.
C. Two major treaties were signed in the Hall of Mirrors.
D. The Hall of Mirrors features a parquet floor.
4. Which of the following is not mentioned as a feature of the Hall of Mirrors?
A. Bronze moldings.
B. Ornate paintings.
C. Marble fixtures.
D. Crystal chandeliers.
5. Which of the following could be an appropriate title for this passage?
A. The Amazing Palace of Versailles.
B. The ceilings of the Hall of Mirrors.
C. Louis XIV and the Palace of Versailles.
D. A History of France.
( 2 )
Even though we have more choice of what to eat than forty years ago, the average diet of the average Briton(英国人) is less healthy. In fact, according to recent research, British pets, eating specially prepared tinned(罐装的) food, have a healthier diet than most of their owners.
Health ministers were alarmed at recent figures which show that Britain has the third worst record in Europe for heart disease. Cancer is also a growing cause of illness and death. This has led the government to try to launch a campaign to encourage healthier eating habits. Health ministers believe we should take a lesson from America, where death rates from heart disease have fallen. The American public is now much more aware of the link between diet and good health. The campaign will encourage the eating of less animal fat, salt and sugar than are consumed at present. It will show the advantages of eating more fresh fruit and vegetables.
The Health Department is going to issue a booklet(小册子) which will give guidance on what food to eat and what to avoid.
Discussions are being held between the government and food manufacturers. Following these talks, food will be labeled so that consumers can clearly see how much fat, sugar and salt there is in the food products they buy.
6. Which of the following statement is TRUE?
A. British people have more choice of food but don't eat as well as they did 40 years ago.
B. British people enjoy a better and healthier diet now than 40 years ago.
C. British people had less choice of food and an unhealthier diet 40 years ago.
D. Things hardly change as far as what the British people eat is concerned.
7. What made health ministers realize that they must encourage healthier diet?
A. The great number of people suffering from heart disease and cancer.
B. The discussions between the government and food manufacturers.
C. The polluted environment.
D. The public's awareness of health problems.
8. What kind of food does NOT cause heart disease?
A. Animal fat.
B. Salt.
C. Vegetables.
D. Sugar.
9. We can safely draw the following conclusions EXCEPT that _____.
A. the specially prepared tinned food for pets is usually a healthier diet
B. unhealthy diet is responsible for all diseases
C. more Americans died of heart disease in the past than now
D. it will be easier for the British to know which foods are bad for their health in the future
10. The word “consume” (Para.2) can be best replaced by _______.
A. contain
B. eat
C. exploit
D. encourage
二、外交用语(此有些共有10个未完结的对话,对于每个对话中未完结的有些有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最好选项。) 20% (答案有必要填在答卷表格里,不然不得分)
1. — Mom, I'm very sorry for having broken the plate.
— Oh, boy, ____________
A. it doesn't matter.
B. no problem.
C. that's right.
D. thank you.
2. — Do you think living in the countryside has more advantages?
— ____________
A. Yes, perfectly.
B. Well, it depends.
C. Yes, it is.
D. Nothing at all.
3. — You've won the basketball game. Congratulations!
—____________
A. Oh, not really.
B. No one else could do it.
C. Thank you. We're really lucky.
D. It's good of you to say so.
4. — Excuse me, Sir. Could you hold the suitcase for me?
—____________
A. It's a pleasure.
B. My pleasure.
C. I could.
D. With pleasure.
5. — It's really nice of you to give me a hand in time!
—____________
A. Thank you.
B. No, no.
C. With pleasure.
D. It's my pleasure.
6. — Are you free tonight, Jenny? How about going to the concert together?
—______________
A. I don't think so.
B. Never mind.
C. Take it easy.
D. I'd like to, but I have to drive my mother home tonight.
7. — What is your major, Jack?
—_______________
A. I study very hard.
B. I'm learning course.
C. I major English.
D. I'm majoring in computer science.
8. — Which one do you prefer, the window seat or the aisle seat?
—_____________
A. I prefer a window seat.
B. I like neither.
C. Both will do.
D. I don't know.
9. — You look tired. What's the matter?
—______________
A.It doesn't matter.
B. Oh, my head aches badly.
C. It is not the matter.
D. Don't worry.
10. — Have you ever been to the Great Wall in Beijing?
—__________
A. Yes, I am.
B. No, I don't.
C. No, I've never been there.
D. Certainly, I went there.
三、语法与词汇:30%(答案有必要填在答卷表格里,不然不得分)
1. We can go when the ground _______.
A. is drying
B. has dried
C. dried
D. dry
2. Come and sit down by the fire. Your hand_____________.
A. feel so coldly
B. is feeling so cold
C. feels so cold
D. is felt so cold
3. He__________ the Communist Party_____________2002.
A. has joined, in
B. has joined, since
C. joined, on
D. joined, in
4. It is Friday today. My parents and I _________New York on Saturday.
A. are flying to
B. shall be fly for
C. have flown to
D. will be flying for
5. If it__________ tomorrow, we'll go swimming.
A. doesn't rain
B. isn't raining
C. don't rain
D. isn't to rain
6. Tim ________a great number of different places in Australia.
A. already has visited
B. has already visited
C. has visited already
D. has ever visited
7. It _________hard when I left the house.
A. is raining
B. rains
C. was raining
D. will rain
8. The wheat_________ cut three days ago.
A. were
B. has been
C. had
D. was
9. I'm sorry that I__________ you had been there already.
A. won't know
B. didn't know
C. don't know
D. haven't known
10. Up to now I_________ very successful.
A. am not
B. haven't been
C. was not
D. were not
11. Various programs_______ on TV. World news________ best received.
A. will show, are
B. are shown, is
C. are showing, is
D. have shown, are
12. I can't find my dictionary. I wonder whether Mary _____it now.
A. have
B. has
C. is having
D. had
13. When I was a child, my teacher told me that the earth_________ round.
A. was
B. had been
C. has been
D. is
14. “I'm sorry to have kept you waiting.”
“Oh, not at all. I_________ here only a few minutes.”
A. have been
B. had been
C. was
D. will
15. Do I have to take this medicine? It_________ so terrible.
A. tastes
B. is tasting
C. is tasted
D. has tasted
四.英译汉:30%
Packing is almost always the last task on the travel planning list.
But you shouldn't wait until the night before you leave to start packing.
You should start packing at least a week in advance. Why?
Because you don't want to stay up all night packing and wear yourself out before you even leave for the trip.
And what's more, you can avoid forgetting something important.
(翻译答案有必要填写在第1页答卷上,不要在此处答题,不然不得分)
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发表于 2023-12-21 19:36:46 | 显示全部楼层
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